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The Need to Reform the United Nations Security Council

Praia do Forte, April 26, 2013
  1. Conceptual note of the Seminar
  2. Report of the Seminar
  3. Speech by Ambassador Vera Lúcia Barrouin Crivano Machado (Opening Speech)
  4. Speech by Ambassador Everton Vieira Vargas (Remarks at the Panel on the Role of Civil Society)


During G4 Ministerial Meeting in September 2012, in the margins of the opening of the 67th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, the Ministers of Brazil, Germany, India and Japan discussed the need for greater involvement of civil society, the media and academia in the debate about the reform of the Security Council and agreed that the group should reach out to these actors. In this context, Brazil's proposal of organizing a seminar was welcomed in order to broaden the debate on the urgency and inevitability of the reform of the United Nations Security Council.

As a follow-up, the seminar "Current Challenges to International Peace and Security: The Need to Reform the United Nations Security Council" was held in Praia do Forte, Bahia, on April 26, 2013, with the support of the Alexandre de Gusmão Foundation (FUNAG). The event was attended by the Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on the question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters, Ambassador Zahir Tanin (Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations), government representatives of the G-4, Guatemala, Sierra Leone and South Africa, along with approximately thirty representatives from academia, think tanks, the media and non-governmental organizations from different regions of the world. There were also Brazilian Ambassadors invited to stimulate the debate.

The initiative of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil was motivated by the perception that governments should seek broader dialogue with public opinion and promote greater awareness on the need to update and strengthen the multilateral system of peace and security to reflect current realities and to ensure adequate treatment to the complex challenges confronting the international community.

The seminar has contributed to raise awareness on the discussions about the importance of the reform of global institutions responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security, stimulating greater involvement of civil society and bringing to this debate a renewed and more sensitive perspective, in tune with the reality prevailing outside the intergovernmental discussion fora.

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